2 an overwhelming defeat
3 make a groove in [syn: gouge]
- Rhymes: -aʊt
- A bellowing; a shouting; noise; clamor; uproar; disturbance; tumult.
- A troop; a throng; a company; an assembly; especially, a traveling company or throng.
- A disorderly and tumultuous crowd; a mob; hence, the rabble; the herd of common people.
- The state of being disorganized and thrown into confusion; -- said especially of an army defeated, broken in pieces, and put to flight in disorder or panic; also, the act of defeating and breaking up an army; as, the rout of the enemy was complete.
- A disturbance of the peace by persons assembled together with intent to do a thing which, if executed, would make them rioters, and actually making a motion toward the executing thereof.
- A fashionable assembly, or large evening party.
- To roar; to bellow; to snort; to snore loudly.
- To defeat an enemy completely and force them to retreat
Etymology 2Alteration of root
- To search or root in the ground, as a swine.
- To scoop out with a gouge or other tool; to furrow.
- To use a router in woodworking.
- pedialite Wood router
A rout is commonly defined as a chaotic and disorderly retreat or withdrawal of troops from a battlefield, resulting in the victory of the opposing party, or following defeat, a collapse of discipline, or poor morale. A routed army often degenerates into a sense of "every man for himself" as the surviving combatants attempt to flee to safety. A disorganized rout often results in much higher casualties for the retreating force than an orderly withdrawal. On many occasions, more soldiers are killed in the rout than in the actual battle. Normally, though not always, routs either effectively end a battle, or provide the decisive victory the winner needs to gain the momentum with which to end a battle in their favor.
It can also be a form of evening party.
Historically, lightly equipped soldiers such as auxiliaries, light cavalry, partisans or militia were important when pursuing a fast-moving routing enemy force and could often keep up the pursuit into the following day, causing the routing army heavy casualties or total dissolution. The slower moving heavy forces could then either seize objectives or pursue at leisure. However, with the advent of armoured warfare and blitzkrieg style operations, an enemy army can be kept more or less in a routing or disorganized state for days or weeks on end.
Routs may be feigned to entice an enemy into pursuing the "retreating" force, with the intent of causing the enemy to abandon a strong defensive position or leading the enemy into a prepared ambush. It is thought that Breton cavalry performed this maneuver at the Battle of Hastings. However, this is a high-risk tactic, as the feigned-rout may often develop into a real rout.
Evening assemblyIn the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, the word 'rout' was commonly used to mean a large party or fashionable evening assembly, but this is now described as an archaic use.
Other uses of the term
A rout is also a synonym for an overwhelming defeat as well as a verb meaning "to put to disorderly retreat" or "to defeat utterly", and is often used in sports to describe a blowout.
Can also be found as "rought" in Great Britain.
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